Welcome to Future History from the Academy For Future Science. In the past, we had three issues a year of printed journals and now these same exciting topics have moved to the internet. Future History, as well as futurescience.org explores themes of the Environment, Archeology, Space Exploration and Space Law, as well as Consciousness and many other topics of Global Concern. Study and use our articles to raise the bar of teaching, understanding and to help possibly solve some of our global challenges.
In November 2017, 25,000 diplomats, climate scientists, activists and journalists gathered for the United Nations COP (Conference of the Parties) 23 in Bonn, Germany. The meeting brought climate change back to center stage for the community of nations and it is going away any time soon judging from the flood of scientific studies related to climate change now appearing in news feeds, in science journals and in the reporting of extreme weather events.
The Earth’s oceans hold 96.5% of the planet’s water and they cover roughly 71% of the Earth’s surface. Ocean plants produce up to 85% of the oxygen we breathe and millions of people around the globe depend on them for food and jobs. Warming waters, coral reef damage, dead zones and pollution are challenging the health of our oceans and playing a role in climate change and extreme weather events.
Rising temperatures and rising sea levels are already creating climate refuges. Let us consider the following:
- In 2016 the Department of Housing and Urban Development gave $1 billion in grants to 13 states to help communities adapt to climate change. One grant ($48 million) is intended to move the entire community of Isle de Jean Charles, LA to higher ground. Its primary inhabitants are from the Native American tribe known as the Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw. Once surrounded by 22,000 acres in the 1950s, the community now sits on 320 acres. In March 2018, state officials told the remaining 67 residents they must leave. Louisiana is losing coastline at the rate of one football field per hour.
- Drought in Syria and Iraq has been a factor in driving farmers into various armed factions to support their families and others to migrate into Europe.
- Over 200,000 Puerto Ricans have arrived in Florida since Hurricane Maria. It is estimated that 60% of the population of Puerto Rico now lives in the U.S. READ MORE